Alina MIRON is Professor of International Law at the University of Angers (France) and co-director of the Master of International and European Law. Her recent publications include “The Costs of International Justice; A Research on the Financial Aspects of Inter-State Disputes”; “Commentaries of Articles 62 and 63” in ICJ Statute. She wrote a study on “Archipelagic Waters” and has convened a series of conferences on France’s maritime boundaries and maritime activities. She is currently preparing an Atlas of France’s maritime boundaries and her research project ZOMAD/DAMOZ (Observatory of Practice in Disputed Maritime Zones) was awarded a Rising Star grant by the Region Pays de la Loire (France).
Pr Miron has also been Counsel and Advocate in a number of cases before the ICJ, the ITLOS and arbitral tribunals. Most recently, she appeared in Legal consequences of the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 (Request for Advisory Opinion), Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia v. Kenya), Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire in the Atlantic Ocean, Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan), Temple of Preah Vihear (interpretation) and in the Land and Maritime Delimitation arbitration between Croatia and Slovenia.
Bjørn Kunoy is doctor in public law and is appointed Adjunct Professor of International Law at the University of the Faroe Islands. Bjørn is also legal adviser to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Culture of the Faroe Islands. Bjørn has lengthy in public international law, including presiding proceedings with the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, acting as Agent and Counsel in Annex VII UNCLOS arbitral tribunal proceedings and adviser in ITLOS proceedings. Kunoy is widely published and his papers have been cited before both the ICJ and ITLOS and has also acted as counsel on law of the sea matters for various States.
As Director of the Rules Division of the World Trade Organization, Clarisse Morgan is responsible for managing the WTO Secretariat's work on all issues relating to the following WTO Agreements: Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of GATT 1994 (Anti-Dumping Agreement); the Subsidies and Countervailing Measures Agreement; the Safeguards Agreement; the TRIMS Agreement; the Working Party on State Trading Enterprises; as well as the plurilateral Agreement on Civil Aircraft. This work also includes all matters relating to dispute settlement concerning these Agreements. In addition, all support services for the Rules Negotiating Group, the forum for the WTO's fisheries subsidies negotiations, are provided by the Rules Division.
Prior to joining the WTO Secretariat in February 1995, Ms Morgan was a consultant in private practice in Washington, DC. In that capacity, the principal focus of her work was trade remedies, and she also performed general trade and trade policy analysis, and worked on customs-related and competition matters.
Ms Morgan has been in the Rules Division during her entire time at the WTO Secretariat. Among other duties in the Division, she has served as Secretary to the Committees on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, Anti-Dumping Practices, and Safeguards; she has been Deputy Secretary and Secretary to the Negotiating Group on Rules, particularly in respect of the fisheries subsidies negotiations; and she has served as an expert advisor to many dispute settlement panels. She also is the creator of the WTO's on-line anti-dumping training tool, i-trADe.
Ms Morgan holds a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service from Georgetown University and an MBA from George Washington University.
Dr Daniela Diz is a Lecturer of Oceans Governance and International Law at the University of Strathclyde and Deputy Director of the One Ocean Hub research programme. She has been working in the environmental law and oceans governance field for over 20 years. She regularly participates as an expert at UN meetings related to the law of the sea, marine biodiversity and fisheries, and conducts legal studies related to marine biodiversity conservation and sustainable use to UN agencies (e.g. The Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN), government institutions and non-governmental organisations.
Dita joins NUS Centre for International Law as a Research Associate. She obtained her law degrees from Universitas Indonesia and the University of Washington in 2014 and 2017, respectively. The latter was completed under the sponsorship of the Fulbright program. In 2018, she was awarded special recognition as the Best Oralist of the IFLOS Moot Court Competition at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Her current research focuses on passage through Indonesian waters, IUU fishing, and regional ocean governance in Southeast Asia. Prior to her current position, she taught Public International Law, Law of the Sea, and Law of Treaties in Universitas Indonesia, and did some short stints at law firms in Jakarta and Bangkok. She had also advised the Indonesian Government and private entities primarily on ocean issues, and carried out extensive field researches in numerous locations in Indonesia.
Donald McRae is Professor Emeritus in the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa. He has appeared as counsel before international arbitral tribunals involving maritime boundary delimitation, WTO panels and the WTO Appellate Body. He was Canada’s Chief Negotiator on Pacific Salmon in a dispute with the United States, 1999-2000. He was a member of the Conciliation Commission in the compulsory conciliation between Timor Leste and Australia under Article 289 and Annex V of UNCLOS. He is currently sitting on and chairing several investment tribunals. He the presiding arbitrator in an Annex VII tribunal under the Law of the Sea Treaty in a case between Ukraine and Russia. He was judge ad hoc in Bolivia v. Chile (Access to the Pacific Ocean) in the ICJ and is currently judge ad hoc in the case between Nicaragua and Columbia on Alleged Violations of Sovereign Rights and Maritime Spaces in the Caribbean Sea. Professor McRae is an associate member of the Institut de droit international, a member of the Royal Society of Canada, a Companion of the Order of Canada and an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit. He was a member of the United Nations International Law Commission from 2007-2016.
Erik J. Molenaar has been with the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) at Utrecht University since 1994 and currently holds the position of Deputy Director. In 2006 he was also employed by UiT The Arctic University of Norway - in Tromsø - where he is at present a Professor with the Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea (NCLOS). After having completed his PhD on ‘Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution’ (1998), he broadened his research field with international fisheries law and the international law relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. He has a large number of publications (> 100) - as author or editor - ; has participated in various diplomatic conferences and other intergovernmental meetings - including the annual meetings of several regional fisheries management organizations - on various delegations; and has been involved in international litigation as well as a large number of consultancies.
Eva Romée van der Marel is employed as an international relations officer at the European Commission (DG MARE), working in particular on the fisheries subsidies negotiations at the WTO, IUU fishing, and the EU Arctic policy. Eva Romée holds a PhD in law from UiT The Arctic University of Norway, where she previously worked as a research fellow for the Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea. In 2018, Eva joined House of Ocean, a not for profit consultancy, under which she has carried out various research and consultancy projects.
Eve de Coning (LLB, LLM) is a senior advisor with the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries where she is affiliated to the Secretariat of the Norwegian National Advisory Group against IUU Fishing and Organised Fisheries Crime (FFA). Her area of expertise is transnational organised fisheries crime and she has worked on this issue in different capacities with INTERPOL, UNODC, ILO and the Norwegian criminal investigation services. She helped establish and chair the INTERPOL Fisheries Crime Working Group and is the author of several reports and academic articles on organised crime in fisheries.
Fernanda Millicay is a career diplomat of Argentina.
She has a Law degree from the University of Buenos Aires with a specialization in public international law (1991).
She joined the Foreign Service in 1995. After her two-year training at Argentina’s Foreign Service Institute, she joined the Legal Office.
From 2002 to 2008, she worked at the Multilateral Economic Negotiations Department and at the Antarctica Department.
Her career led her to specialize in law of the sea, fisheries subsidies, Antarctica and other related issues.
In 2003, she was awarded the Hamilton Shirley Amerasinghe Memorial Fellowship on the Law of the Sea, and her work "A legal regime for the biodiversity of the Area" was published in 2007.
From 2008 to 2015, she was legal adviser at the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations with a desk that included general international law, law of the sea and fisheries. In 2011, during Argentina’s Chairmainship of the Group, she was Chair of the G77 and China for Oceans and Law of the Sea at the United Nations. In 2013-2014, she was legal adviser to the delegation of Argentina to the Security Council, covering all international law issues.
From 2016 to 2019 she was National Director for the Antarctic (Argentina’s National Antarctic Program).
Currently, she is Minister First Class at Argentina’s Embassy to the United Kingdom.
She has several publications on law of the sea issues.
James HARRISON is Professor of Environmental Law at the University of Edinburgh School of Law. He holds a PhD in international law from the University of Edinburgh. He sits on the editorial board of the Journal of Environmental Law as international law annual case review editor and he is book review editor for the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. His research interests cover international law of the sea and environmental regulation and governance. He has published widely in these areas, including two monographs: Making the Law of the Sea (Cambridge University Press 2011) and Saving the Oceans through Law (Oxford University Press 2017). His current research focuses on dispute settlement in the international law of the sea as well as the protection of the marine environment and fisheries management at the international, national and sub-national levels. He has worked on behalf of a number of governments in international litigation and he regularly provides consultancy and training to international organisations and non-governmental organisations.
Dr. Scient. from University of Bergen, Norway in 2000. Jan Arge Jacobsen is Director of the Pelagic Fisheries Department at the Faroese Marine Research Institute. His work covers a wide range of scientific domains, including pelagic stocks in the Northeast Atlantic and their distribution, assessment, and trophic relations. Furthermore he has been involved in the fisheries management of the large pelagic fish stocks complex in the high seas. He has been a scientific advisor for the Ministry of Fisheries of the Faroe Islands in bilateral and international fisheries negotiations for more than 30 years, and is part of the scientific advisory committee under the Faroese Fishery Ministry. Jan Arge has more than 30 peer reviewed publications in international journals since 2000.
Jin-Hyun Paik has been Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) since 2009 and currently serves as its President (2017-2020). He is also President of the Special Chamber in the Dispute concerning the Delimitation of the maritime boundary between Mauritius and Maldives in the Indian Ocean. He is arbitrator in the “Enrica Lexie” Incident (Italy v. India) case at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). He is also President of the Arbitral Tribunal in the Dispute concerning Coastal State Rights in the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Kerch Strait (Ukraine v. Russian Federation). Judge Paik is Professor of International Law at Seoul National University (on leave) in Korea and was dean of its Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS). Over the past three decades he has taught international law and the law of the sea in various universities and institutions around the world. Judge Paik is Associate Member of the Institut de Droit International, and served as President of the Asian Society of International Law (AsianSIL, 2015-2017). He has written and edited over 150 articles and several books in the fields of international law and relations, law of the sea, and international dispute settlement.
Senior Fellow at the Institute of International Economic Law at Georgetown University Law Center
Kathleen Claussen is Associate Professor at the University of Miami School of Law and Senior Fellow at the Institute of International Economic Law at Georgetown University Law Center. Prior to joining the Miami Law faculty in 2017, she was Associate General Counsel at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative in the Executive Office of the President. There, she represented the United States in trade dispute proceedings and served as a legal advisor for the United States in international trade negotiations. She serves in various leadership capacities for international law organizations, including as a member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) and as co-chair of the ASIL International Economic Law Interest Group. Earlier in her career, Professor Claussen was Legal Counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague where she advised on disputes between countries, and on investment and commercial arbitrations involving countries and international organizations. She is a graduate of the Yale Law School, Queen’s University Belfast where she was a Mitchell Scholar, and Indiana University where she was a Wells Scholar.
Kentaro Nishimoto is Professor of International Law at the School of Law, Tohoku University, Japan. He is responsible for the English-taught LL.M. program on the law of the sea at the School of Law at Tohoku University. He received his Ph.D. in Law from the University of Tokyo with the thesis “Territoriality and Functionality in the Historical Evolution of the Law of the Sea.” His research focuses on the international law of the sea, including issues such as the history of the law of the sea, sustainable development of ocean resources and the settlement of maritime disputes. He is an advisor to the Japanese delegation to the intergovernmental conference on marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ), and a member of the Advisory Committee on the Extension of the Continental Shelf established under the Headquarters for Ocean Policy of Japan.
Kriangsak Kittichaisaree is a Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (since Oct. 2017), Conciliator under Annex V and Arbitrator under Annex VII to UNCLOS. He was a member of the UN International Law Commission (2012–2016) and chaired the ILC Working Group on the Obligation to Extradite or Prosecute (aut dedere aut judicare). Prior to his election to ITLOS, he served as a Thai lawyer diplomat holding the posts of, inter alia, Director of the Division of Legal Affairs, Director-General of the Dept. of International Organizations, Ambassador to Iran, Australia and Russia. He has taught, as a visiting professor, at renowned law schools in 4 continents
His publications included: The Law of the Sea and Maritime Boundary Delimitation in South-East Asia (Oxford University Press 1987);International Criminal Law (Oxford University Press 2001); ‘A Code of Conduct for Human and Regional Security around the South China Sea’ (2001) 32 Ocean Development & International Law 131; Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations (Cambridge University Press 2017 – as a co-author); Public International Law of Cyberspace (Springer 2017, now translated into Chinese); The Obligation to Extradite or Prosecute (Oxford University Press 2018); International Human Rights Law and Diplomacy (Edward Elgar Publishing, March 2020); and The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Oxford University Press, Nov. 2020).
Dr. Kristín Gunnarsdóttir von Kistowski has been working as International Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Expert for the UN FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Division since May 2018. She is working with the Fisheries Operations and Technology Branch in the Global Capacity Development Program that focusses on the implementation of the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures as well as complementary international instruments and regional mechanisms to combat IUU fishing and has worked for Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) on compliance assessment. Before joining the FAO, Kristín managed and led projects on global ocean governance and combatting IUU fishing for WWF, the German development agency GIZ in its Global Program on Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture and for the Pew Charitable Trusts. She is one of the founders of FISH-i Africa, a network of eight East African countries sharing information and cooperating to combat IUU fishing in the Western Indian Ocean. Kristín has managed projects at the interface of science and policy for more than 20 years in governmental and intergovernmental organisations, in academia, and in NGOs. She is a biologist and population geneticist by training and holds a doctorate from the University of Kiel, Germany.
Professor Malgosia Fitzmaurice holds a chair of public international law at the Department of Law, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). She specialises in international environmental law; the law of treaties; and indigenous peoples. She publishes widely on these subjects.
Her latest publications are a monograph Whaling and International Law, Cambridge University Press, 2015 and (co-edited with Dai Tamada) Whaling in Antarctic: Significance and Implications of the ICJ Judgment, Brill/ Nijhoff, 2016.
She has delivered a lecture on the International Protection of the Environment at the The Hague Academy of International Law. Professor Fitzmaurice was invited as a Visiting Professor to and lectured at various universities, such Berkeley Law School; University of Kobe; Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris I). Professor Fitzmaurice teaches undergraduate and LLM modules in international environmental law and the law of treaties.
She is Editor in Chief of International Community Law Review journal and of the book series published by Brill/Nijhoff Queen Mary Studies in International Law.
She has also advised on the law of treaties and served as an expert in her areas of expertise. In 2019, she was elected to Institut de Droit International . In 2020 her book (with Panos Merkouris) in Treaties in Motion: Evolution of Tresties from Formation to Termination will be published by Cambridge University Press.
Dr. Natalie Klein is a Professor at UNSW Sydney’s Faculty of Law, Australia, and an Australian Research Council Future Fellow. She was previously at Macquarie University where she served as Dean of Macquarie Law School between 2011 and 2017, as well as Acting Head of the Department for Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism at Macquarie in 2013-2014. Professor Klein teaches and researches in different areas of international law, with a focus on law of the sea and international dispute settlement. She provides advice, undertakes consultancies and interacts with the media on law of the sea issues.
Professor Klein has been a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at Cambridge University and MacCormick Fellow at the University of Edinburgh. She is currently a non-resident Fellow at the Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute in Sri Lanka. Prior to joining Macquarie, Professor Klein worked in the international litigation and arbitration practice of Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, served as counsel to the Government of Eritrea (1998-2002) and was a consultant in the Office of Legal Affairs at the United Nations. Her masters and doctorate in law were earned at Yale Law School and she is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law.
NICOLAS LOCKHART is recognized as a leading practitioner in the international trade field, in particular in WTO dispute settlement. At Sidley, Nic has advised a wide range of governments and commercial stakeholders in dozens of World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes. He has also assisted clients with the negotiation of trade agreements. Before joining Sidley, Nic spent five years at the WTO Appellate Body, advising on 16 appeals.
Nic offers clients an in-depth knowledge of WTO practice, procedures and substantive law, covering all stages of WTO dispute settlement. He has extensive experience in oral advocacy at hearings. Nic has worked with WTO members as complainants, respondents and third parties in many disputes, across a wide range of WTO agreements.
Nic features prominently in published rankings of practitioners in the field of the international trade law:
- He is ranked in Band 1 for International Trade/WTO by Chambers Europe 2019 and Chambers Switzerland 2018, in which clients describe him as “very gifted legally and a very talented advocate.” Another source states: “He’s very creative in building arguments and positions and does not feel confined to how things have always been done. He is willing to think of new ideas.”
- In the Chambers 2017 edition, clients called Nic “a tremendous trial lawyer who is an eloquent, convincing and effective communicator.” In Chambers Europe 2015, clients described him as a “fantastic strategist, excellent litigator and very good at thinking on his feet at hearings.”
- He has been listed in the 2020 edition of Best Lawyers in Switzerland.
- He is also recognized as one of the most highly regarded practitioners in Who’s Who Legal 2018 for Trade & Customs: sources from the 2016 edition “have great respect”for Nic Lockhart, highlighting his ‘strong legal arguments’ and ‘excellent legal analysis and writing’ as notable strengths.’”
Nic has appeared on Bloomberg television as a commentator on the international trade implications of Brexit:
- The Outlook for U.K. Trade With the EU Post Brexit – October 28, 2016
- Nissan Deal Raises Questions on Trade, Says Lockhart – October 28, 2016
- “Swiss Medical Devices Manufacturers to Be Blocked by Missing Framework Agreement?” co-authored with Andreas Balsiger Betts, September 2019
- “Using arbitration under Article 25 of the DSU to ensure the availability of appeals,” Geneva Graduate Institute of International and Developmental Studies, November 2017 (co-authored)
- “In search of relevant discretion: the role of the mandatory/discretionary distinction in WTO law,” co-authored with Elizabeth Sheargold, Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 13 no. 2, (Oxford University Press), 2011, pages 379–421
- “Standard of Review in WTO Law,” co-authored with Jan Bohanes, The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law (Bethlehem, McRae, Neufeld, and Van Damme, eds.), (Oxford University Press), March 2009, pages 378–436
- “Legal Requirements for FTAs under the WTO,” co-authored with Andrew Mitchell, Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: Commentary and Analysis (Lester and Mercurio, eds.), (Cambridge University Press), 2009, pages 81–113
- “Regional Trade Agreements under GATT 1994: An Exception and its Limits,” co-authored with Andrew Mitchell, Challenges and Prospects for the WTO (Cameron May), 2005, pages 217–252
- “Standard of Review in WTO Law,” co-authored with Claus-Dieter Ehlermann, Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 7, 2004, pages 491–521
- “Direct Effect and Free Movement of Goods,” Butterworths Expert Guide to the European Union, 1996
- “Taking Rights Seriously: The European Court of Justice and its Fundamental Rights Jurisprudence,” co-authored with Joseph Weiler, Common Market Law Review, Volume 32, 1995, 51 (Part 1) and 579 (Part 2)
Admissions & Certifications
- Scotland (Solicitor)
- Harvard Law School (LL.M., 1993)
- University of Edinburgh (LL.B., 1991, with first class honours)
- David Edward, Court of Justice of the European Communities (1995 - 1998)
Osvaldo Urrutia is a lecturer of international law and law of the sea at Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile. He has been a legal and policy adviser on international fisheries and oceans affairs at the Chilean Government for over 10 years. In this capacity he has been involved in the work of several international and regional organisations related to marine living resources, including the UN General Assembly, the FAO, CCAMLR and SPRFMO. He is currently the Chairperson of the Commission at the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation, serving this position while based in Wellington.
Robin Churchill was professor of international law at the Universities of Dundee (2006-16) and Cardiff (2000-6). Before 2000 he was a lecturer/senior lecturer at Cardiff University, lecturer at the University of Tromsø and research officer at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. He has also held visiting positions at the University of Wollongong, Australia and the European University Institute, Florence. During his academic career he taught a variety of modules in international and EU law at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. His research interests include the law of the sea, international environmental law, EU fisheries law and human rights, on all of which he has written widely, including books on the law of the sea, the EU Common Fisheries Policy and the Barents Sea. He has acted as a consultant to a number of governments, EU bodies and NGOs, and is a member of the editorial boards of the British Year Book of International Law and the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. Until 2019 he was a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the K. G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea at the University of Tromsø.
Sean D. Murphy is the Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law at George Washington University and is a Member of the U.N. International Law Commission. From 1987 to 1995, he worked in the U.S. Department of State Office of the Legal Adviser, primarily advising on matters relating to oceans and international environmental law, international humanitarian law, and international claims. From 1995 to 1998, Professor Murphy was the Legal Counselor for the U.S. Embassy in The Hague, arguing several cases before the International Court of Justice, representing the U.S. government in matters before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and serving as U.S. agent to the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal. Since entering academia, Professor Murphy has represented several countries in international courts and tribunals, and has served as an arbitrator or ad hoc judge in inter-State and investor-State cases, including at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. A former President of the American Society of International Law, Professor Murphy has published numerous books and articles on international law, including his 2016 Hague Academy lectures on International Law relating to Islands, and served for ten years on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law.
The responsibilities of Stefán Ásmundsson are mainly regarding international fisheries and the law of the sea. He started working for the Icelandic Ministry after graduating with an LLM in International Law and International Relations from Lancaster University, UK, in 1998. He is currently Iceland’s Head of Delegation to several international organisations and consultation processes. He has also served in positions outside the Icelandic government, including being the Executive Secretary of NEAFC, the regional fisheries management organisation for the NE-Atlantic (2011-2017) and a Policy Officer in the European Commission, working on the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (2009-2011). He has also worked for the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN on issues relating to IUU Fishing and been an invited participant in several expert meetings organised by the FAO. He has given numerous presentations and lectures on international fisheries management and the law of the sea.
Stephen has practised public international law, whether within government or private practice, for more than 20 years. He has advised on cases before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), European Court of Justice, European Court of Human Rights and multiple domestic courts. He was counsel in the first UNCLOS Annex VII arbitration related to maritime boundaries, and advises States and other interested parties in many aspects of the international law of the sea.
NGUYEN DANG Thang is currently Director-General (Law & Policy) at the National Boundary Commission of the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In this capacity, he is responsible for formulating policies relating to the settlement and management of territorial and maritime issues, providing advice on questions concerning the international law of territory and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, and making recommendations on the interpretation and implementation of boundary treaties concluded by Viet Nam. He is also involved in various bilateral and regional negotiations relating to maritime delimitation, land border demarcation and the management of maritime issues.
Before joining the National Boundary Commission in 2014, Thang had 13 years of experience working in the International Law and Treaties Department of the Foreign Ministry. Thang maintains an interest in teaching and researching international law, holding a lectureship at the Faculty of International Law, Diplomatic Academy of Viet Nam and being active in the promotion of international law in Asia and Viet Nam. In 2018, he was appointed by the Government of Viet Nam to be a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Thang holds a BA in international relations from the Institute for International Relations (now Diplomatic Academy of Viet Nam), LLM from the School of Law, University of Nottingham and a PhD from the Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge.
Tomas Heidar has been Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) since 1 October 2014. He is currently President of the ITLOS Chamber for Fisheries Disputes. Before he served as Legal Adviser of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Iceland for almost twenty years. As such he was responsible for all matters of public international law and represented Iceland regularly at meetings on oceans and the law of the sea at the United Nations and other international fora. He was awarded the title of Ambassador on 1 September 2014. Tomas Heidar is furthermore Director of the Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland. He is Co-director and Lecturer of the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. He is also Lecturer at the University of Iceland, the Yeosu Academy of the Law of the Sea, the IFLOS Summer Academy and many other universities and academic institutions around the world. He is author and editor of a number of books and articles on ocean affairs and the law of the sea and lecturer in numerous academic conferences and seminars in this field. He is also Conciliator and Arbitrator under Annexes V and VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Professor Henriksen has been with the UiT Arctic University of Arctic since 1996 and is presently the director of NCLOS. He has researched and published within law of the sea and international environmental law, including on international fisheries law.
Valentin Schatz is a Research Associate and Ph.D. candidate in public international law at the Chair of International Law of the Sea and International Environmental Law, Public International Law and Public Law of the University of Hamburg. His research focuses on the international law of the sea, international environmental law and international dispute settlement. In his Ph.D. research, Valentin focuses on the settlement disputes concerning access to fisheries within national jurisdiction, with a special emphasis on the dispute settlement mechanism of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Valentin has authored multiple journal articles and book chapters on issues falling within his research interests, and has provided expertise to government agencies, think-tanks and NGOs. He is recipient of various scholarships and academic prizes, including the Prix Daniel Vignes awarded by the Association Internationale du Droit de la Mer.
Valerie Hughes is Senior Counsel with Bennett Jones LLP and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Law at Queen’s University in Canada. She spent 22 years with the Government of Canada in various positions, including Assistant Deputy Minister, Law Branch at Finance Canada, Director and General Counsel of the Trade Law Bureau at Foreign Affairs and International Trade (now Global Affairs Canada), and Senior Counsel in the International Law Section at Justice Canada. Valerie has represented Canada before WTO panels, the WTO Appellate Body, and a NAFTA investor-State arbitration. She was a member of Canada’s legal teams in the Gulf of Maine maritime boundary case before the ICJ, the Canada-France Maritime Boundary arbitration, and the La Bretagne fisheries dispute. Valerie worked in the World Trade Organization in Geneva, serving as Director of the Legal Affairs Division (2010-2016) and of the Appellate Body Secretariat (2001-2005). She served as a WTO panelist in two disputes and is on the NAFTA Chapter 19 roster as well as the roster of Panel Chairs for the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). Valerie has written extensively about WTO dispute settlement.
Director General Vidar Landmark is head of the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, and has work with fisheries management and policy issues, domestic and internationally, for a number of years. A lawyer by profession, he has worked in various Norwegian ministries since 1986, in addition to four years in the office of the Norwegian Ombudsman and two years as a lawyer.
Ximena Hinrichs currently holds the position of Registrar of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Prior to this role, she served as Deputy Registrar, Senior Legal Officer / Head of Legal Office and Legal Officer of the Tribunal. Previously, she worked for the Legal Office of the International Maritime Organization.
Ms Hinrichs holds a Law degree, School of Law and Social Sciences, University of Concepción (1988); Lawyer (Abogado, 1989); Magistra Legum (LL.M.), University of Hamburg (1991); Doctor iuris, University of Hamburg (PhD, 1996).
She has been lecturer for law of the sea at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (2001-2005), HafenCity University (2006-present), University of Bremen (ISATEC programme, 2008-present), International Maritime Law Institute (academic year 2010/2011), Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (Walther-Schücking-Institut für Internationales Recht (2016), Summer School, Jean Monnet Module, European Union and the Law of the Sea (2015-present), Summer Academy, International Foundation for the Law of the Sea (2018, 2019); World Maritime University (Law of the Sea Course 3/2019).
She has written articles and reports on international law and law of the sea.
Young Kil Park is director at the law of the sea research center at Korea Maritime Institute. In 2018 he served as a visiting scholar at Stockton Center for International Law, Naval War College and RI Transportation Research Center, University of Rhode Island in 2018. His academic interests cover the law of the sea, maritime security law, Arctic governance, and legal issues on North Korea. His publications include “The complex legal status of the Current Fishing Pattern Zone in the East China Sea”, in 81 Marine Policy Vol.81 (2017) (co-author) and Republic of Korea v. Araye: Korean Supreme Court Decision on Universal Jurisdiction over Somali Pirates, 106 American Journal of International Law (2012) (co-author).